Thirukadaiyur Temple History
The Amritaghateswarar - Abirami Temple of Tirukkadaiyur is associated with the legends of amirtham. When devas and Asuras churned parkadal to get Amirtham , they forgot to Worship Lord Ganesa (Sri vinayagayar), Lord Ganesa stole the pot of Amirtham and kept at Thirukadiyur, it is believed that the Sivalingam in this temple is made of Amirtha Kudam . Since the pot of Amirtham was hidden here, the lord Ganesa is called "Kalla Vinayagar" or Kailavarna pilliyar. The kalla vinayagar is one of the great place of ganesh. Thirukadaiyur is located on the chidambaram to karaikal National Highway 45A.
Many years ago in South India there was one devotee of Goddess Abirami called Subramanian in Tirukkadaiyur, Tamilnadu. He had deep devotion towards the Mother, indulging in doing Pooja i.e., showering of flowers at the feet of others imagining that they are the goddess of Abirami. The deep love he had on this goddess made him to assume the other living females are none but goddess Abirami.
One day King Saraboji visited the temple when devotee Subramanian was meditating about Goddess Abirami. The king was provoked seeing subramanian’s ignorance about the king’s arrival. The king asked who that fellow was. One man told that he was mad thinking the other ladies as Amman and used to shower flowers on them. The priest told no! He was a deep devotee of Goddess Abirami.
The king wanted to test who he is. So he asked Subramanian whether today is new moon day or full moon day. At that time Subramanian was in eternal bliss of universal mother enjoying mother’s beautiful face surrounded with thousands of sun lights. So Subramanian answered the king that the day was full moon which was actually a new moon day. Hence the king ordered to push him in burning fire at evening 6’O clock if the moon didn’t appear.
After sometime, the king’s army awakened Subramanian and called him to come with them, to fulfill the punishment. Returning to his consciousness, Subramanian realized that Goddess Abirami alone made him to say it was a full moon day when it was really a new moon day.
Burning Fire with rays is beneath him and Subramanian was on the top, inch by inch moving down by the forces. Realizing that Amman alone can save him, he started singing 100 songs on Abirami (the so called Abirami Anthathi) and prayed her to come to his rescue.
While singing the 79th song stating that Her merciful eyes have got superpower and she is an ocean of blessing with no limits. Immediately Annai Abirami appeared before him and threw her ear-ring in the sky which appeared as moon for full night.
The king was immensely pleased on his devotion and honored him by calling him Abirami Pattar and became a disciple to Abirami Pattar.
What we come to know from this is that god alone is all pervading superpower and immortal. All other worldly creatures are not perennial. If you are really interested to see Him you are supposed to do meditation and prayers that too in the early morning ie. morning 3 am to 5 am. God is great.
Abirami Battar History
Abirami Battar lived during the rule of King Serfoji (Sarabhoji). He was completely devoted to the consort of Lord Amirthakadeshwarar and Lordess Abirami. He would sit in meditation and in the blissful state of trance for hours - sometimes days - together in the presence of the Mother.
King Serfoji, who had visited the temple, saw this temple priest, who was lost in himself and did not even stand up as an elementary mark of respect to the King. Abirami Battar was at that moment meditating and was immersed in the vision of the luminous visage of the Divine Mother Abirami. The king was annoyed with Battar for not showing the respects due to him and enquired about him with the persons standing close by. Unfortunately, Abirami Battar did not get positive feedback.
The King then approached Abirami Battar and asked him for the Thithi (lunar day) of that day. It was new moon day. Since the mind of Abirami Battar was filled with the luminescent vision of Abirami, he - even without opening his eyes - said that it was full moon day.
The King was angered by this answer and he thought that he had a clue to the 'true bearings' of this fraud. 'If there is no full moon rising this evening,' he warned Battar, 'you will be put to death.' Abirami Battar was told what had happened only after he opened his eyes after a long time, from his meditation. Poetry, evocative, moving and having the power to melt the hearts of all, flowed from him right from that moment. He sang a hundred verses in praise of Abirami. The verses are known as Abirami Andhadhi, a unique kind of poetry that begins with the last foot - or a portion of it - of the previous verse. And the last foot of the last verse would end with the first foot of the first line of first verse. Abirami took her ear ring and threw it in the sky. That shone in the sky brighter than the full moon.
King Serfoji realised the greatness of Abirami Battar. Despite the refusal of battar, he had documented his command on copper plates to donate one-hundredth part of his revenue from all villages to him and his successors. The copper plate is still in possession of the successors of Abirami Battar.
There are three temple tanks - Theertham - known as 'Amritha Pushkarini', 'Kaala Theertham' and 'Maarkandeya Theertham'.
The worship services are offered six times a day in the temple. Almost every day dawns with one celebration or other, as hundreds of pilgrims throng the temple to celebrate their 60th, 70th, 80th birthdays and other Ayul Shanthi Parihara Homams.
Shasthiapthapoorthi (known also as "Sashti Aptha Poorthi") is celebrated on completion of 60 years of age of male.
The term Shasti in numerology denotes sixty (60). In an individual’s life, the completion of sixty years is referred to as Shasti Poorthi. This term is derived from Sanskrit which means Shasti –Sixty; abda–completion.
The sixtieth year in everyone’s life is a significant milestone, memorable turning point, a touching reminder of the rich, mellowed life that would unfold in the years to come.
The sages and the rishis of lore have acknowledged the sanctity of the sixtieth year in one’s life and have drawn out elaborate rituals to mark this special event.
They looked at it as rebirth and suggested the repetition of those rituals performed at one’s birth. Hence this celebration at this point of life is a sacred part of the hallowed Vedic culture.
The Shasti Poorthi celebrations in modern times have two important aspects Shanti and Kranthi. The rituals by Shanthi goes by the norms prescribed in the shastras, while the Kranthi is purely conventional in nature.
The rituals carved out as part of Shanti are also referred to as Ugraradha Shanti. Ugraradha is nothing but the harsh natured time. In a hundred-year time scale of man’s life, pre-sixty is a period of materialistic pursuit while the post–sixty span is slated for spiritual endeavor. The Ugraradha Shanti is a prayer sent to the heavens to make the post–sixty span a spiritually fulfilling experience.
Most Sanskrit slokas quotes and substantiate it clearly. As per these, Shanthi's to be performed in
Tamil Janma Varusam
that is Shanti should be performed in the same year, month and on the same day of the birth according to the Indian Zodiac. This is considered to be the best option. In case it is not possible to time it exactly on the same day, allowance is given to perform it on a convenient day during and before the completion of sixtieth year. The choice of the place to carry out this programme could be a pilgrim town, a temple, a river bank or even a householder’s residence.
Mrityinjayadevata Kalasa sthapana, pratima sthapana and archana form a very important part of the programme. Similarly the deities of Ganapathy Durga and Vishnu are to be worshipped.
The seas, the rivers, the presiding deities of the Directions (Dikpalakas), Navagrahas are involved into the Holy Kalasas and the respective gods are worshipped. Through this worship is offered to God who presides over every element in nature.
Similarly all the Gods who govern each year of the Calendar (60 years) each Ayana (Uttara, Dakshina), each season, (six rithis) each month (12 months), each fortnight, (Shukla and Krishna) each tithi (15) each day of the week (seven) each star (27 stars). Each, yoga, each karana and each raasi are duly worshipped.
Through it, a humble prayer is sent to the mighty God who weaves every moment in the vast tapestry of time.
The almighty that is omnipresent in the celestial universe ranging from Dwadasa Adityas, Ekadasa Rudraas, Dasha Dishaas, Astavasus, Sapta Vayus, to Pancha Brahmas are soulfully worshipped. The powerful presence of the paramaatma who lords over the whole universe is fervently acknowledged in this method.
All these deities who preside over every speak of the universe are to be duly worshipped by means of Kalasha Aaraadhana, Pratima Pooja, Japa Tapas etc. All this is to be culminated by Homam. Acharyas and ritviks take the sanctified water and perform Abhishekam to the householder.
Here, the householder fulfils his social obligation of offering warm thanks to each and every particle in the universe, which contributed to his sixty year successful span on this earth. As a humble token of gratitude, he participates in alms giving much to the satisfaction of everyone in the society.
The Acharyas and ritviks who conducted the Shanti Yagna should be given "Dasha Daanaas" "Navagraha daanaas", "Godaana", to mention a few of all the "daanaas", ‘Annadaana’ ranks supreme and the host should take care that people belonging to all walks of life are properly and sumptuously fed. Here the accent is laid on feeding the poor and the destitute, thus infusing the whole programme with social and democratic temper. The householder is said to relieve of his social – secular – spiritual obligations when he successfully participates in this Shanti programme. He is thus blessed with a long and blissful life.